Environmental benefits of Cooperative, Connected and Automated Mobility (CCAM)
The new European Commission recently outlined its political priorities, based on two fundamental and complementary pillars: environmental protection through the European Green Deal, and the digitalisation of Europe. Transport still represents around 25% of Europe’s total CO2 emissions. Road-based travel is responsible for the largest share of these emissions, which are expected to double by 2050. Therefore, decisive actions need to be taken by policymakers and stakeholders to ensure that the objective laid out by the European Union of cutting greenhouse gas emission by more than 80% in 2050 compared to 1990’s level is met.
5G technology enables a fully connected and automated mobility which begins with the availability of the LTE-V2X technology today. Vehicles and infrastructure are able to exchange relevant information via LTE-V2X either through direct short-range communication, which does not require network coverage, or long-range communication via the network, creating a real-time connection between all actors of road mobility. The upcoming 5G revolution will reinforce those interactions and spark a whole new set of services, dramatically changing the mobility landscape.
Cooperative, Connected and Automated Mobility (CCAM) will be a cornerstone to improve road transport’s environmental footprint. This positive impact is expected to result from a host of sources, e.g. a reduction of congestion, thus of fuel consumption, the increase of shared mobility as well as potential synergies with the development of clean mobility.